Sites in Budapest and the Old Village of Hollókő were the first sites in Hungary to be inscribed on the UNESCO’s World Heritage List at the 11th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in 1987 in Paris. As of today, the country now has a total of eight sites inscribed on the list, including two shared with other countries… but how many of them have you been to?
Budapest has one of the world’s most outstanding urban landscapes. From the remains of the Roman city of Aquincum and the Gothic castle of Buda to Andrássy Avenue and the banks of the Danube, its numerous sites illustrate the great periods in the history of the Hungarian capital.
Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings (1987)
Hollokö is an outstanding example of a deliberately preserved traditional settlement. This village, which developed mainly during the 17th and 18th centuries, is a living example of rural life before the agricultural revolution of the 20th century.
Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst (1995) – with Slovakia
The variety of formations and the fact that they are concentrated in a restricted area means that the 712 caves currently identified make up a typical temperate-zone karstic system. Because they display an extremely rare combination of tropical and glacial climatic effects, they make it possible to study geological history over tens of millions of years.
Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment (1996)
The first Benedictine monks settled there in 996. They went on to convert the Hungarians, to found the country’s first school and, in 1055, to write the first document in Hungarian. From the time of its founding, this monastic community has promoted culture throughout central Europe. Its 1,000-year history can be seen in the succession of architectural styles of the monastic buildings, which still house a school and a monastic community.
Hortobágy National Park – the Puszta (1999)
The cultural landscape of the Hortobágy Puszta consists of a vast area of plains and wetlands in eastern Hungary. Traditional forms of land use, such as the grazing of domestic animals, have been present in this pastoral society for more than two millennia. There is almost no permanent human population within the property itself, but in the grazing season, from April to October, hundreds of stock-breeders graze their animals here.
Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs/Sopianae (2000)
In the 4th century, a remarkable series of decorated tombs were constructed in the cemetery of the Roman provincial town of Sopianae – in modern Pécs. These are important both structurally and architecturally, since they were built as underground burial chambers with memorial chapels above the ground. The tombs are important also in artistic terms, since they are richly decorated with murals of outstanding quality depicting Christian themes.
Fertö Cultural Landscape (2001) – with Austria
The Fertö Lake – known as the Neusiedler Lake in Austria – has been the meeting place of different cultures for eight millennia. This is graphically demonstrated by its varied landscape, the result of an evolutionary symbiosis between human activity and the physical environment. The remarkable rural architecture of the villages surrounding the lake and several 18th- and 19th-century palaces adds to the area’s considerable cultural interest.
Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape (2002)
The cultural landscape of Tokaj graphically demonstrates the long tradition of wine production in this region of low hills and river valleys. The intricate pattern of vineyards, farms, villages and small towns, with their historic networks of deep wine cellars, illustrates every facet of the production of the famous Tokaj wines, the quality and management of which have been strictly regulated for nearly three centuries.