After the collapse of communism, Poland has become more and more susceptible to western influences after each passing year, something exacerbated by joining the EU in 2004. With approximately 1 million Poles living in the UK and numerous international businesses locating to Poland, the Polish language has increasingly started to adapt new words from English. We will take a quick look at words that Polish has taken from English and list a few false friends between the two languages.
Are there any words in English that come from Polish?
There are arguments that there are some Polish words that are used in English, but most of them have Russian or Germanic origins. Polish Biochemist, Casimir Funk coined the term “vitamin”, however he combined this particular word from Latin and was working in London at the time. So it’s difficult to argue that vitamin is an original Polish word.
Words borrowed from English
Polish, like a lot of languages, has started to borrow from English in the past 20 years and most of these words tend to be from computing and business. Some of these words have kept their English spelling or there have only been very slight changes. Often the pronunciation is the same with a slight Polish accent. For example the words e-mail, router and laptop are all words that are commonly used in the Polish language.
It is fairly common in the Polish language to create words for something that’s new and there are Polish words that can be used instead of the English alternative, but the majority tend to go for the English version as it seems to be easier that way.
Nevertheless, words that have entered Polish from English are not limited to just new technologies. Some common words include: flirt, edytowa, anti-virus, parkowac, deadline, fifty-fifty and barman.
There are many false friends in Polish where the word is similar, but the meaning is different. In Polish, aktualny means topical, a dres is a tracksuit, hazard means to gamble and a lunatyk is a sleepwalker.
It appears that there is no end in sight for this particular trend, the words mentioned in the article are just a tiny example of English words used in Polish and the more you walk around the streets of Poland, there will be an increasing likelihood of a random English word dropped in the middle of a Polish speaking conversation.
What do you think of the current influences of English in the Polish language? Is this a trendy fad or something that will become even more popular in the future? Are there also any Polish words that you’ve heard English speakers use?
Written by Daniel Stokoe
Daniel Stokoe is an English teacher from the U.K.. After living in Prague, Madrid and Odessa, he’s currently established in Warsaw and joined the team of Kafkadesk contributors in April 2019. Feel free to browse through his latest articles!